Emigrating to Australia with Children

Australian Visas for Children

The 101 & 102 Visa streams explored

There are two main visas for children one is applicable if the child is offshore (101) while the (102) is for those onshore. Ultimately, they both do the same job. The qualifying criteria and the application process are equally similar. While a child must be single they can include their own dependants in their visa application.

Educational costs:

Several temporary visa classes which lead to permanent residency may require the parents to make a contribution towards the child educational costs until they receive permanent residency. The financial contribution will be determined by the local education authority within the state the child resides.

To be a dependant child

  • Single
  • Sponsored by their parent or their parent's partner
  • Younger than 18 years of age, or:
  • A full-time student between 18 and 25 years of age, or
  • 18 or older and unable to work due to a disability and dependent on the sponsoring parent

Sponsoring a child

Parents, Stepparents and adoptive parents can all sponsor a child. 

  • Be an Australian citizen
  • The holder of an Australian permanent resident visa or an eligible New Zealand citizen
  • The spouse or de-facto partner of the child's parent can also sponsor the child
  • A step-parent who is no longer the partner of the child's parent but has a legal responsibility to care for the child and the child is younger than 18 years of age
  • An adoptive parent who adopted the child before you became an Australian citizen, the holder of an Australian permanent resident visa, or eligible New Zealand citizen
  • Have been granted your Australian permanent resident visa but have not yet entered Australia

Additional qualifying criteria

In cases where the child is from a previous relationship and the other parent is opposed to the child emigrating, a Court order may be required before Australia will consider the case. 

The Australian immigration system has created what is called measures for the protection of the child. It documents things that are assessed to grant this visa as this visa will not usually be granted if it is against the best interests of a child younger than 18 years of age.

This standard visa requirement must be fulfilled for Child Visas too. If your child is over the age of 16 they must show that they are of good character like any other visa applicant. This is proven through police certificates.

They will also need to undergo a medical examination and possibly a chest x-ray. The examination will need to be conducted by a panel of doctors selected by the Australian authorities to ensure that the examination is thorough and complies with the Australian standards.

The Child Visa for Australia typically takes from a few months up to 2 years to process if they are not included in the main application on submission.

  • You have the written consent of each person who can legally decide where the child lives
  • The laws of the child's home country permit the removal of the child
  • It is consistent with any Australian child order
  • Authorities may ask for an assurance of support for the child so that welfare costs for some migrants are not borne by the Australian community. This however needs to be provided only if and when asked for
  • The child must meet certain health requirements. The results are usually valid for 12 months. This also applies to any dependent family members included in your application, whether they are migrating or not
  • A child older than 16 years of age must meet certain character requirements. They must be prepared to provide a police certificate from each country they have lived in for 12 months or more during the past 10 years after they turned 16 years of age. Police certificate needs to be provided only when asked for
  • The child must have no outstanding debts to the Australian Government or have arranged to repay any outstanding debts to the Australian Government
  • The child might be asked to provide biometrics as part of the application

Child visas enable a person to:

  • Travel to and stay in Australia indefinitely
  • Work, live and study freely in Australia
  • Enroll in Medicare, Australia's scheme for health-related care and expenses
  • Apply for Australian citizenship (if they are eligible)
  • Sponsor eligible relatives for permanent residence
  • Travel to and from Australia for five years from the date the visa is granted - after that time they will need another visa to enter Australia.
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